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HIMALAYAN LANDSCAPES

The most dominating character of the landscape in the Darjeeling Hills is the mighty, mysterious and legendary Mt.Kanchenjunga. Hence, the land here is called the ‘Kanchenjunga Landscape’. Rolling down from the glaciers of 28,000 feet to a height of about almost sea level, this land houses the most diverse nature. This is mainly because of the magic monsoons of the region and the saline moisture which rises from the nearby Bay of Bengal, making the area the ‘biodiversity hotspot’ of the world.

Every inch of this hill is a natural wonder, but only a few parts have been preserved as protected areas. They are the Singalila National Park, Neora Valley National Park, Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary, Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary and the Jorepokhri Salamander Sanctuary. Like most protected areas of the country, all these protected areas are surrounded by villages and there has been a traditional dependence on these areas. There are also parts which are forests which are preserved under the department of Forests, Darjeeling Hill Division and forests used for commercial purposes like timber etc by the West Bengal Forest development Corporation. Almost continuous with these forests are the nature reserves in West & South Sikkim, and the Dooars in the southern continuity.


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